If your back hurts, don’t ignore the pain. Physiotherapists have the training to correctly assess the problem and provide safe, effective treatment. For rapid recovery, see our professionals early.
Causes of Back Pain
- Poor posture stresses your spine. Ligaments are overstretched, muscles tire and joints and nerves are put under pressure.
- Minor back muscle strains quickly improve on their own, but more severe strains will need physiotherapy or Chiropractic treatment to relieve pain and promote healing.
- Stretching ligaments too far or too quickly makes them tear and bleed into surrounding tissues, causing swelling and pain. Motor vehicle and sporting accidents are common causes.
- Discs are anchored to the vertebrae, above and below, so they cannot ‘slip’ out of place. They can wear down with age, but most disc problems arise from injury. Discs can bulge (prolapse), herniate or even rupture.
- Vertebral and facet joints can be affected by arthritis, causing degeneration and inflammation within the joint and the growth of bony spurs on the edges of the vertebrae.
Everyday activities can trigger back pain.
Anatomy of the Back
Your back is a complex system of interlocking components:
- Vertebrae are the bones that make up the spinal column.
- Discs separate the vertebrae and act as shock absorbers.
- Facet joints between the vertebrae guide spinal movement.
- Ligaments hold the vertebrae together.
- Muscles are attached to the bones. They control and produce movement.
Preventing Back Pain
Here is some useful advice to help you prevent back pain:
- With your feet shoulder-width apart, bend at the hips and knees. Grip the load firmly and hold it close to your body, tighten your stomach muscles and use the strong muscles of your legs to lift. Keep your back as straight as possible. Avoid twisting – turn by using your feet, not your back.
- Think tall: chest lifted, shoulders relaxed, chin tucked in and head level. Posture should be stable, balanced and relaxed when sitting, walking or standing.
- Don’t stay seated for too long – stand up, stretch and walk around. The right back support will also help.
- Stay in shape – healthy body-weight is less strain on your back. Your physiotherapist can show you how to keep your back flexible and strong with correct back and abdominal exercises.
- Good support from your car seat will prevent back pain. If you need more lower back support, use a lumbar roll or a rolled-up towel.
- Your mattress should be firm enough to support your natural shape.
How Fine Form Physiotherapy Can Help
Depending upon the cause and type of pain, our physiotherapists treat back pain in a variety of ways:
- Advice and early activation ( recent research indicates that one of the most important treatments for low back pain is that the patient is encouraged to move)
- Mobilisation/ manipulative physiotherapy
- McKenzie therapy
- Specific stabilisation exercises
- General exercises
- Ergonomic advice
- Heat and Interferential
If severe pain persists, other causes will need to be investigated. We can order x-rays or recommend that you see a specialist if necessary.
It is important you don’t ignore your pain. Fine Form Physiotherapy Ryde are here to get you back on your feet and do the things you love. Call us now and have your back pain looked at by an expert you can trust to deliver highly effective results.